speed dating college campus - Dating sleigh bells

They are of tin and were cast as open bells with an integral suspension loop and four ‘petals’ forming the lower body.The pellet, also of cast tin, was placed inside the open-ended bell, and the four petals were pushed inwards to meet at the centre and enclose it.

It also makes support of the core within the mould relatively easy.

The earliest bells of this type have several moulded parallel ribs around the circumference, both vertically and horizontally.

Bells of this type are usually quite small (typically 13mm to 17mm diameter), and many were used as dress accessories and hawking bells.

The wearing of bells became fashionable in the 14th century and remained so well into the 15th century.

Examples dating from the later end of this period have been found suspended from necklaces and possibly bracelets.

Prior to becoming fashionable, the wearing of bells as a dress accessory was limited to jesters, acrobats, pilgrims and priests. Mo L, Dress Accessories, early: 1672-1683, late: 1689; Mitchiner, Medieval & Secular Badges, early: 351-355, late: 782-786.)Bells of this type were produced in both white metal (tin and pewter) and copper alloy.

Slightly later, a narrow strip of sheeting was used instead of wire, and was either fitted in the same way, or formed into a ring and soldered to the top of the bell as on the example illustrated.

Bells of this type have been recovered from secure contexts that span the date range circa mid-13th to mid-15th century.

They were found on chains suspended from chatelaine-type brooches, and appear to be of similar construction to English crotal bells dateable to the 13th century.

It is worth mentioning that, depending on context, sleigh bells, jingle bells, pellet bells, hawk bells and rumbler bells are all terms used to describe bells of the crotal type.

Although crotal bells were possibly first used in antiquity, surviving examples that can reliably be dated before the medieval period are rare.

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