Radiocarbon dating lake trafford canoes

Connections between the Archaic cultures of the north-central Florida and St.

radiocarbon dating lake trafford canoes-50

Radiocarbot~ assays re~,euled that 41 of 55 cat~oes studied )rere from the Late Archaic period, dating berween 23 B. Analysis of canoe form and comparison ro the small number of other knolvn Florida Archaic period canoes correct pre~~ious ideas about early canoes. Navajo National Monument, HC-71 Box 3, Tonalea, AZ 86044-9704 American Ant~qulty, 68(3), 2003.

lake le~.els, due to drought in spring and summer 2000, revealed the deccryed remnant.r oj'oiler 100 d~cgocct cunoes buried in the sediments of Newnutzs Lake near Guirzesville, Florida. Bronough Street, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0250 Melissa Memory. 1990 8SLI7: Natural Site-Formation Processes of a Mul- tiple Component Undenvater Site in Florida.

Thwarts or lobv purtitioizs on almost half of the Archaic canoes studied confirm a long temporal spun to the canoe-making tradition ofpeninsular Florida. Prior to the construction of water-control features in 1967, Newnans Lake had fluctuating seasonal water levels that, along with relatively steep sides, probably helped in the development of the cypress swamp forest that dominates the lake margins (Gottgens and Montague 1987: 1 1,21).

Middle and Late Archaic groups had boat-building and related technologies in place 7,000 years ago and were expclndiizg irzro areas with newly etrzelging freshwater resources created by higher water tables. Forty-four sites are recorded in the vicinity of New- nans Lake, primarily on the southwestern side of the lake (Figure 1).

Canoe locations were recorded using a Trimble Differen- tial Global Positioning System (DGPS).

Given the environmental limitations on locating canoes and the discovery of several completely buried canoes, the remnants of many more buried canoes are likely present within the study area and surrounding por- tions of the lake bed.

portions of the lake bed still covered by water con- strained the search.

In several cases, additional canoes were discovered during the excavation of canoes found during the pedestrian survey. Wheeler 1997 How the Pine Island Canal Worked: Topography, Hydraulics.

Both sites, probably similar to those around Newnans Lake, produced plain and decorated ceramics associated with the Orange period.

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